In June 2019, there were 11 times of net shutdowns pronounced in India, in step with SFLC’s net shutdown tracker. Of these eleven times, seven have been ordered in Jammu & Kashmir, at the same time as West Bengal saw net shutdowns on two one of a kind events. Internet offerings in Uttar Pradesh and Odisha were snapped one time each. So ways in 2019, India has witnessed 59 suggested times of internet shutdowns.

Here is a nation-clever breakdown of shutdowns on this month:
Jammu & Kashmir

June 30: Mobile internet services were suspended in Budgam after a terrorist became killed in an encounter with the safety forces.

June 23: The authorities snapped net offerings in Kashmir’s Shopian after a gunfight broke out among militants and counter- insurgent forces in Darmdora village in Panzer Keegan location.

June 19: Authorities suspended net service in Anantnag as a precautionary degree on the twenty-fifth loss of life anniversary of URL founder Mirwaiz Qazi Nissar Ahmad.

June 14: After the navy killed two Lashkar militants in an stumble upon in Pulwama district, all net services have been snapped inside the location.

June 12: Following clashes between local adolescents and security forces in Kashmir’s Anantnag, the internet turned into shutdown within the metropolis.

June 8: Mobile Internet became suspended in components of Anantnag after safety forces killed a Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) militant in operation in a wooded area of Anantnag.

June 3: Authorities suspended internet services in Shopian district’s Molu-Chitragam place following an encounter among the army and militants in Shopian district.
West Bengal

June 20: Internet offerings have been snapped in elements of West Bengal’s North 24 Parganas district following clashes among BJP and TMC people that killed 3 and left any other ten injured. The shutdown affected 3 of the district’s five divisions – Bongaon, Barrackpore, and Bashirhat.

June nine: With graphic pics of slain BJP and TMC celebration workers in the clashes circulating at the social media, internet services were suspended in the Basirhat Lok Sabha constituency.
Uttar Pradesh

June 10: Internet services were suspended in Khair tehsil till the middle of the night after faux videos claiming to expose the murder of a two-12 months-old female had been observed circulating on-line. The posts had been reportedly in all likelihood to inflame communal tensions.
Odisha

June five: The Odisha authorities suspended Internet services in Kendrapara for 48 hours “as a preventive measure” following a skirmish among groups there on the eve the Eid-ul-Fitr and stream of inflammatory messages on social media.
Some observations

fifty-nine shutdowns in 6 months is a mean of virtually ten shutdowns each month. If we feature on with this average, we’re nicely on the path to cross over one hundred net shutdowns quickly. It’s well worth noting that during 2018, the one hundred shutdowns mark become crossed in September.

Jammu & Kashmir account for eighty% of all shutdowns in 2019 so far

So far in 2019, Jammu & Kashmir has witnessed 44 shutdowns, accounting for over 80% of all net shutdowns in the u. S . A. This year. By the stop of the ultimate 12 months, it accounted for almost 1/2 of all net shutdowns. Out of the whole 134 internet shutdowns remaining 12 months, sixty-five came about in Jammu & Kashmir.
Between 2012-2018, there were a hundred twenty-five internet shutdowns in Jammu & Kashmir out of the 331 internet shutdowns in India inside the equal duration. The first suggested instances of net shutdowns in the state were in 2013, with 3 in total that 12 months. It became the only kingdom to have internet shutdowns in 2013 and 2014.

Shutdowns on the upward thrust

Between January 2012-19, there have been a complete of 331 stated instances of internet shutdowns in India.
In 2018, there had been pronounced 134 net shutdowns, in place of the 79 Internet shutdowns in 2017, and just six net shutdowns in 2014.

The real range of internet shutdowns is probably tons better, on account that shutdowns are ordered secretively by using state governments, and now not usually said using the news media.
India’s guidelines on net shutdowns

Internet shutdowns in India are ruled by using a set of rules posted with the aid of the DoT in 2017, which replaced the even greater arbitrary method of enforcement through orders issued through a District Magistrate. The current rules nonetheless permit the imposition of an internet shutdown thru govt orders. However, those may additionally handiest be issued by way of a secretary to the crucial or kingdom government and are subject to review by way of a vital government committee.
Do net shutdowns certainly work?

It is debatable whether or not such shutdowns do a lot to assist the political state of affairs in an area. Apart from offline mobilization, organizations who wish to illustrate publicly employ VPN technology to avoid those shutdowns. Rather than permitting violence, communique on-line is frequently used to disseminate statistics and additionally ship out messages soliciting for and supplying help. This is apparent inside the negative affect on defense force personnel — verbal exchange among the ones on duty is hampered using the removal of a fast and secure messaging-based totally communique channel. Online services typically appoint better encryption requirements than legacy verbal exchange channels utilized in India, and the lack of access to these packages renders conversation between the employees greater at risk of compromise.

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